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Louisbourg, Nova Scotia

Fact sheets
Explore Canada: One Ocean Expeditions

Episode: 4 Explore Canada: One Ocean Expeditions
Title: Louisbourg, Nova Scotia
Broadcast: January 13th 2018
Presenter: Trevor Cochrane

In North America, Louisbourg was the third busiest seaport during the 18th century. Today you can visit it and experience what a French outpost fortified town was like back in 1744.Trev and the crew explore and learn more about this quaint town.

  • Louisburg has always depended on the sea. The earliest recorded visit to the harbour was by the English in 1597.
  • Recognizing the economic and military potential of Louisburg’s harbour and Atlantic cod fishery, King Louis XIV secured it for France in 1713 by constructing a well-fortified, walled city on this location.
  • Louisburg was the third busiest seaport on the continent during the 18th century. Because of its strategic position, the fortress was successfully besieged by New England troops in 1745 and by British troops in 1758 but people who made their livelihoods from the sea continued to dwell in this rugged coastal area.
  • Over the centuries local industries have included coal shipping, lobster, crab and cod fishing and processing.
  • In the 1960s reconstructions began on the fortress ruins, and it became the largest historical renovation project in North America. Today the fortress at Louisburg is one of Canada’s most important historic sites.

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